Core Competencies - Basic Foundations > Hand Tools

Hand Tools

Course Number: 717

The Hand Tools textbook describes the most important hand tools used in industry. It begins with a chapter on measuring, including units of measurement, and follows with a lesson on the most common tools used in all trades-wrenches and screwdrivers. The following chapters describe the tools used in specific crafts. The textbook ends with a general description of hoisting and pulling tools, used in many crafts.

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Recommended Contact Hours – 15

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Measuring Tools

Topics: Linear and angular measurement; Rules and measuring tapes; Slide, vernier, and micrometer caliper; Squares

Learning Objectives:

  • Explain how to hold a rigid rule correctly when measuring an object and show from which point the measurement begins.
  • Describe how to set lock joint transfer-type calipers.
  • Identify vernier calipers.
  • Explain how to take a measurement with a micrometer caliper.
  • Name the parts of a combination square.

Chapter 2: Wrenches and Screwdrivers

Topics: Wrenches-open-end, box-end, combination, socket, adjustable, torque; Screwdrivers-standard, cross-slot, spiral, ratchet, offset; Driving and removing screws; Restoring a blade

Learning Objectives:

  • Identify types of materials used for making wrenches.
  • Identify open-end, box-end, socket, socket-head, adjustable, torque, and striking-face wrenches.
  • Describe two sizes that are important in identifying a socket wrench.
  • Identify standard, Phillips, offset, and spiral-ratchet screwdrivers.
  • List the steps to follow when driving a screw.

Chapter 3: Pipefitting Tools

Topics: Pipe wrenches; Vises; Cutting, reaming, threading, and tapping pipe; Cutting tubing and plastic pipe; Flaring tubing; Tool care

Learning Objectives:

  • Identify a straight pipe wrench, a Stillson wrench, a chain pipe wrench, a strap wrench, and a compound-leverage wrench.
  • Explain how to use a pipe wrench.
  • Explain why a machinists' vise should not be used for holding pipe.
  • Explain how to thread pipe.
  • Explain how to clean a pipe tool.
  • Explain how to cut and flare tubing.

Chapter 4: Plumbing Tools

Topics: Plumbing systems and codes; Joining pipe; Tube bending; Cutting and assembling pipe; Plungers; Augers; Sewer tapes; Special wrenches

Learning Objectives:

  • Explain how to use a mechanical tube bender.
  • List the steps in joining hubless pipe.
  • Explain why the drain pipe should be completely covered by the force cup.
  • Name the criteria used in selecting line clearing tools.
  • List the steps in measuring pipe when using the center-to-center measuring systems.

Chapter 5: Electrician's Tools

Topics: EMT bender; Bending and assembling conduit; Knockout punches; Fish tapes; Pliers; Wire and cable strippers; Test and safety equipment

Learning Objectives:

  • Explain how to use an EMT bender and a neon circuit tester.
  • List the parts of a knockout punch.
  • Name the uses of the all-purpose tool.

Chapter 6: Woodworking Tools

Topics: Planes; Scrapers; Drills and bits; Chisels; Levels; Plumb bobs; Hammers and nail sets

Learning Objectives:

  • Describe the difference between a ripsaw and a crosscut saw.
  • Explain the difference between a compass saw and a keyhole saw.
  • Describe the different types of planes.
  • Identify a Forstner bit.
  • Explain the working of a plumb line.

Chapter 7: Masonry, Plastering, and Glazing Tools

Topics: Working with bricks, mortar, concrete; Tuckpointing; Edging and finishing; Repairing plaster and wallboard; Cutting and installing glass

Learning Objectives:

  • Explain how to mix a small batch of mortar.
  • List the uses of a trowel.
  • Define tuckpointing.
  • Explain why flat concrete surfaces must be screeded.
  • Explain how to repair one of the following problems: (a) small plaster cracks, (b) shrinkage cracks, or (c) loose or bulging plaster.
  • Explain how to replace a broken pane of glass in a window.

Chapter 8: Sheet Metalworking Tools

Topics: Gauges; Layout tools; Dividers; Punches; Nibblers; Riveting tools; Metal-cutting chisels; Hammers; Snips; Dressing tools; Bench stakes

Learning Objectives:

  • Identify different types of snips and punches.
  • Identify the bench stakes discussed in this Lesson.
  • List six safety practices to follow when working with sheet metal.
  • Describe different types of sheet metal.

Chapter 9: Metalworking Tools

Topics: Vises; Hacksaws; Files; Taps; Dies; Thread classes; Reamers

Learning Objectives:

  • Select the proper hacksaw blades for cutting various materials.
  • Explain the difference between single-cut and double-cut files.
  • List the types of taps usually found in a tap set.
  • Explain how to cut an external thread on a bolt, screw, or stud.
  • Explain how to remove a reamer from a hole.

Chapter 10: Hoisting and Pulling Tools

Topics: Knots; Wire rope; Slings, sling angles, hitches; Sling spreader beams; Block and tackle; Chain fall; Pullers

Learning Objectives:

  • Explain how to prevent synthetic and fiber rope from unraveling.
  • Explain how individual wires and strands of wire are formed into wire rope.
  • Identify the most appropriate sling for use near corrosive chemicals.
  • Identify a slide-hammer puller.
  • Describe different kinds of slings and loads.

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