Industrial Technical Foundations
Course Number: 706
The Industrial Technical Foundations textbook provides students with a more comprehensive exposure to a variety of topics focusing on such general topics as blueprint reading, measurement, and tools, but then including other topics of interest for those who might take a mechanical slant to industrial technology.
Recommended Contact Hours – 20
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Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction to Blueprints
Topics: Detail drawings; Notes and dimensions; Assembly and pictorial drawings; Orthographic projections; Auxiliary views; Sections
- Identify details, markings, and machine parts from an assembly drawing.
- Identify an object from an orthographic drawing.
- Identify elements located within the title block of a detail drawing.
- Explain why more than one orthographic projection is needed to show an object on a blueprint.
Chapter 2: Machine Parts
Topics: Simple machines; Screw threads; Heads; Rivets; Welds; Pins; Keys; Springs; Gears; Bearings; Belts and pulleys
- Describe what a machine is, and explain what it does.
- Name the two basic methods of joining machine parts.
- Name and identify from an exhibit several types of threaded fasteners.
- Name the two basic methods of permanent joining.
- Identify gears, bearings, and belt drives on drawings.
- Identify types of screw threads from a specification.
Chapter 3: Machine Drawings
Topics: Machine tools; Exploded views; Assembly and detail drawings; Drafting techniques
- Name the main parts of a lathe.
- State the definition of an exploded view.
- Identify an assembly drawing.
- Identify a compound rest swivel on an assembly drawing.
- Identify a specific part on an assembly drawing.
Chapter 4: Hydraulic and Pneumatic Drawings
Topics: Fluid systems; Pascal's Law; Multiplying forces; Pistons and cylinders; Fluid system components; Symbols
- Name the components represented by common symbols on hydraulic and pneumatic drawings.
- Name the components in a simple hydraulic power system.
- Name the components in a simple pneumatic power system.
- State Pascal's Law.
- Discuss the purposes of the components of hydraulic systems.
Chapter 5: Sketching
Topics: Using and making sketches; Kinds of sketches; Orthographic, isometric, and perspective sketches
- Name the four kinds of sketches.
- Identify an isometric sketch.
- Describe the appearance of a perspective drawing.
- Discuss how to sketch straight lines and curved lines.
- State the definition of a vanishing point.
Chapter 6: Units of Measurement
Topics: Length; Area; Volume; Angles; Time; Speed and velocity; Mass and weight; Force; Work and power; Pressure; Temperature; Electricity
- Identify various units of measurement.
- State the definition of the joule, the coulomb, and the horsepower.
- Explain how to calculate pressure.
- Explain the difference between mass and weight.
- Demonstrate how to measure the volume of an object.
- Explain the difference between the Celsius scale and the Fahrenheit scale.
Chapter 7: Metric Measurement
Topics: Length, area, volume; Mass; Frequency; Speed and velocity; Acceleration; Force and weight; Work, energy, and power; Temperature; Current; Light
- List the seven base units in the SI (metric) system.
- Name three derived units.
- Define work and power in SI units.
- Explain what power is and how it is measured.
- Name two metric measuring instruments and their U.S. Standard equivalents.
Chapter 8: Linear Measurement
Topics: Units; Measurement error; Tolerances; Scales and rules; Scribers and dividers; Bevel gauge; Calipers; Combination square; Using a micrometer
- List five units used for making linear measurements.
- Demonstrate how to use a micrometer.
- Explain what each head of a combination square is used for.
- State the definition of parallax error.
- Define the different types of tolerance.
Chapter 9: Surface Measurement
Topics: Gauge blocks; Measuring screw threads, radius, surface texture; Hardness testing; Testing surface coatings; Detecting defects
- Explain the difference between a continuous dial and a balanced dial on a dial indicator. the definition of pitch on a screw.
- Name two hardness tests.
- Explain why nondestructive testing is preferable to destructive testing on surface coatings.
Chapter 10: Measuring Tools
Topics: Linear and angular measurement; Rules and measuring tapes; Slide, vernier, and micrometer caliper; Squares
- Explain how to hold a rigid rule correctly when measuring an object and show from which point the measurement begins.
- Describe how to set lock joint transfer-type calipers.
- Identify vernier calipers.
- Explain how to take a measurement with a micrometer caliper.
- Name the parts of a combination square.
Chapter 11: Wrenches and Screwdrivers
Topics: Wrenches open-end, box-end, combination, socket, adjustable, torque; Screwdrivers standard, cross-slot, spiral, ratchet, offset; Driving and removing screws; Restoring a blade
- Identify types of materials used for making wrenches.
- Identify open-end, box-end, socket, socket-head, adjustable, torque, and striking-face wrenches.
- Describe two sizes that are important in identifying a socket wrench.
- Identify standard, Phillips, offset, and spiral-ratchet screwdrivers.
- List the steps to follow when driving a screw.
Chapter 12: Metalworking Tools
Topics: Vises; Hacksaws; Files; Taps; Dies; Thread classes; Reamers
- Select the proper hacksaw blades for cutting various materials.
- Explain the difference between single-cut and double-cut files.
- List the types of taps usually found in a tap set.
- Explain how to cut an external thread on a bolt, screw, or stud.
- Explain how to remove a reamer from a hole.
Chapter 13: Hoisting and Pulling Tools
Topics: Knots; Wire rope; Slings, sling angles, hitches; Sling spreader beams; Block and tackle; Chain fall; Pullers
- Explain how to prevent synthetic and fiber rope from unraveling.
- Explain how individual wires and strands of wire are formed into wire rope.
- Identify the most appropriate sling for use near corrosive chemicals.
- Identify a slide-hammer puller.
- Describe different kinds of slings and loads.
Add Chapters to Your Custom Book
- Chapter 1: Introduction to Blueprints
- Chapter 2: Machine Parts
- Chapter 3: Machine Drawings
- Chapter 4: Hydraulic and Pneumatic Drawings
- Chapter 5: Sketching
- Chapter 6: Units of Measurement
- Chapter 7: Metric Measurement
- Chapter 8: Linear Measurement
- Chapter 9: Surface Measurement
- Chapter 10: Measuring Tools
- Chapter 11: Wrenches and Screwdrivers
- Chapter 12: Metalworking Tools
- Chapter 13: Hoisting and Pulling Tools
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