Instrumentation and Process Control > Safety, Calibration, and Testing

Safety, Calibration, and Testing

Course Number: 780

The Safety, Calibration, and Testing textbook describes the responsibilities of employer, employee, and regulatory agencies in maintaining safety. Discusses ways of identifying and handling chemical, electrical, biological, radiation, and mechanical hazards. Discusses importance of maintenance (including calibration) and proper record keeping. Describes use of common electrical and electronic test instruments. Offers guidelines for handling heavy equipment, decontaminating and servicing pneumatic and hydraulic equipment, and troubleshooting.

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Recommended Contact Hours – 9

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Safety Standards and Practices

Topics: Government safety regulations; Compressed gas, chemical, electrical, biological, radiation, and mechanical hazards; Noise pollution

Learning Objectives:

  • Discuss kinds of hazards and compare employer and employee responsibilities relating to safe job practices.
  • Describe safe procedures for working with compressed gases, acids, flammable solvents, and other hazardous chemicals.
  • Describe ways to minimize the possibilities of hazardous or lethal electric shock, including safe lockout procedures.
  • Explain the use of dosimeters.
  • Identify potential safety hazards in the instrument shop and along the process control network and describe the use of appropriate safety equipment for each hazard.

Chapter 2: Servicing Fundamentals

Topics: Repair modes and records; Failure mode analysis; Maintenance, calibration modes, and records; Calibration seals; Tools and equipment

Learning Objectives:

  • Compare methods of on-site and shop repair of malfunctioning instruments.
  • Describe the differences between repairing, maintaining, and calibrating instruments.
  • Describe the contents of an equipment history file and a process loop file.
  • Discuss the benefits of failure mode analysis.
  • Describe proper calibration procedures, including use of calibration seals, and explain what NIST-traceable means.
  • Describe the typical main sections of an industrial instrument shop.

Chapter 3: Electrical and Electronic Stations

Topics: Electrical and electronic stations and test equipment; Pneumatic and hydraulic test equipment; Test stands; On-site operations; Calibration

Learning Objectives:

  • Describe the differences between electrical and electronic test areas.
  • Describe how the ammeter, megohmmeter, wattmeter, and dynamometer are used in electrical work.
  • Describe how the multimeter, signal/waveform generator, oscilloscope, voltage and current source, and frequency counter are used in electronics.
  • Discuss the benefits of accurate calibration and thorough equipment maintenance records.
  • Explain how test stands are used and name three kinds of operations that are typically conducted on site.

Chapter 4: Pneumatic and Hydraulic Stations

Topics: Handling equipment; Cleaning and decontamination; Testing and evaluation; Disassembling and reassembling; Calibration; Test stands

Learning Objectives:

  • Describe the layout and power requirements of a typical pneumatic/hydraulic station.
  • Describe safe and efficient methods of cleaning pneumatic and hydraulic instruments and controls.
  • Discuss procedures for testing and evaluating a faulty component, using the calibration of a pressure-to-current (P/I) transmitter as an example.
  • Describe proper procedures for disassembling and reassembling pneumatic and hydraulic components.
  • Name the steps in preparing to service instruments on site.

Chapter 5: Instrument Troubleshooting

Topics: Using manufacturer's literature, maintenance and repair records, tools, and test instruments; Calibration; Recording the repair

Learning Objectives:

  • Explain how an understanding of the process and its instrumentation reduces troubleshooting time.
  • List at least four kinds of information typically included in a manufacturer's manual or instruction book.
  • Describe the contents of an instrument history file and explain its usefulness in troubleshooting.
  • Discuss the kinds of tools, including calibration standards, you are apt to use in troubleshooting.
  • Describe the steps in a typical troubleshooting procedure and explain how to use a branching troubleshooting chart.
  • Describe cascading failure.

Chapter 6: System Specifications and Instrument Calibration

Topics: Interpreting specifications; Error; Accuracy; Precision; Resolution; Transfer function; Sensitivity; Hysteresis; Response time

Learning Objectives:

  • Discuss the specifications of a typical measurement system.
  • Explain how to read a graph showing a linear or nonlinear transfer function, hysteresis, or the time constant.
  • Discuss SI and English systems of units and explain how to convert from one to the other.

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Select Chapter(s):

  •    Chapter 1: Safety Standards and Practices
  •    Chapter 2: Servicing Fundamentals
  •    Chapter 3: Electrical and Electronic Stations
  •    Chapter 4: Pneumatic and Hydraulic Stations
  •    Chapter 5: Instrument Troubleshooting
  •    Chapter 6: System Specifications and Instrument Calibration

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