Energy Losses in Buildings
Course Number: 377
The Energy Losses in Buildings textbook covers physical laws of heat transfer and how they apply to building heat losses. It discusses the effects of sun, wind, and shade on energy consumption in buildings, and examines characteristics of different types of walls, roofs, windows, and flooring. The textbook demonstrates how different forms of insulation can improve thermal resistance, and gives sample applications of energy conservation measures, illustrating how to determine cost and payback period.
Recommended Contact Hours – 10
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Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Heat Flow Principles
Topics: Detecting heat loss; Insulation; Environmental considerations; Windbreaks; Foundation plantings; Building orientation
- Distinguish between heat transfer by conduction, convection, and radiation.
- Explain the importance of infiltration in a building's heat loss/gain.
- Define thermal conductance, overall coefficient of heat transmission, and thermal resistance and how they relate to each other.
- Explain the concept of the building envelope
- Tell how environmental factors can affect the loss of gain of heat in a building.
Chapter 2: Heat Loss/Gain Through Roofs
Topics: Roof construction and insulation; Vapor barriers; Ventilation; Types of insulation, applications; Checking heat leaks; Infrared scanner
- Demonstrate how to arrive at the R value of a roof section.
- List the principal types of roof and ceiling insulation and the applications for which each is best suited.
- Name the two most effective precautions to take against moisture damage and give examples of their proper installation.
- Explain how and under what circumstances heat leaks can be detected in roof structures.
- the facts needed for payback calculations and tell how to use them to determine payback periods.
Chapter 3: Minimizing Heat Flow Through Walls
Topics: Totaling R values; Insulating materials; Vapor barriers; Cold-side venting; Convective looping; Insulating foundations; Metal walls; U values
- Evaluate the merits of the common forms of insulation as applied to wall construction.
- Identify at least two types of vapor barrier and tell when each would be used.
- Explain convective looping and how to prevent it.
- Tell why metal buildings have special insulation needs and describe the techniques developed for them.
- Use payback calculations to determine which of two alternatives conservation measures is the more profitable.
Chapter 4: Heat Loss/Gain Through Windows and Doors
Topics: Infiltration; Caulking; Weather-stripping; Air locks; Sealed windows; Storm windows; Draperies; Solar heat gain; Shading
- Identify two forms of infiltration.
- Explain the valves of an air lock and describe a typical installation.
- Name at least three means of reducing conductive heat loss through windows.
- Tell why the angle of the sun is important in efforts to increase or minimize solar heat gain.
- State the reason for the lengthy payback period on most window retrofits.
Chapter 5: Controlling Losses Through Floors
Topics: Above-, below-, and on-grade floors; Vapor barriers; Ground cover; Crawl spaces; Surface drainage; Floor coverings; Pipes; Duct work; Retrofits
- Describe the principal methods of insulating existing above-ground floors.
- Tell how to test for capillary rise ion a crawl space.
- Point out the value of a ground-cover vapor barrier.
- List two ways to insulate on-grade or below-grade floors
- Explain the special problems involved in calculating heat losses and payback periods for on-grade and below-grade floors.
Add Chapters to Your Custom Book
- Chapter 1: Heat Flow Principles
- Chapter 2: Heat Loss/Gain Through Roofs
- Chapter 3: Minimizing Heat Flow Through Walls
- Chapter 4: Heat Loss/Gain Through Windows and Doors
- Chapter 5: Controlling Losses Through Floors
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